Identifying what caused the Hebrews to become alienated from the Egyptians remains a problem, as the Genesis and Exodus accounts have yet to be reconciled with the archaeological and historical data from any given period of Egyptian history. Many scholars state that there is little to no evidence to support the Exodus account. But an increasing body of archaeological data and a careful re-evaluation of both the Egyptian and Biblical text can show that these pastoralists peacefully co-existed for the most part, side by side.
For example; for Abram’s rescue of Lot from the hands of Chedor-laomer to have taken place, Abram probably employed the greater members of the tribal coalition that both he and Lot were part of, since there is no suggestion that Abram had an army of his own. Again, the Mari texts support this supposition, suggesting that there is a formal hierarchy of leadership within the Benu Yamina coalition, being composed of five groups, each having a king. But the relationship between Abram and the kings of the city states of Sodom and Salem seems very cordial.